World Press Freedom Day is observed annually on May 3rd. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993, this day serves to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom, assess the state of press freedom throughout the world, defend the media from attacks on their independence, and pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the line of duty.
The day also acts as a reminder to governments of the need to respect and uphold the right to freedom of expression as enshrined in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It highlights the importance of a free, independent, and pluralistic media in fostering transparency, accountability, and democracy.
World Press Freedom Day provides an opportunity to raise awareness about the importance of press freedom and the challenges faced by journalists worldwide, including censorship, harassment, imprisonment, and violence. It also encourages dialogue and collaboration among media professionals, policymakers, civil society organizations, and the public to promote and protect press freedom around the globe.